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On 8 July 2008, the great Ajatollah Ali al-Sistani rejected the proposed agreement on the grounds that it violated Iraqi sovereignty after meeting with Iraq`s national security adviser, Mowaffak al-Rubaie. [20] Rubaie, who on 7 July told Maliki that Iraq would accept a declaration of intent instead of a SOFA, said: “We will not accept a declaration of intent if it does not give a specific date for the total withdrawal of foreign troops.” [21] Deputy Spokesman Khaled al-Attiyah also said on 8 July that the Iraqi Parliament would insist on reviewing an agreement with the United States and that it would probably veto the agreement if US troops were immunized against Iraqi law: “If the two sides reach an agreement, it is undoubtedly between two countries and, according to the Iraqi Constitution , a national agreement must be agreed by Parliament by a two-thirds majority.” [22] Most of the foreign troops that were part of the troops in Iraq were to leave before 31 December 2008, with troops from Azerbaijan[53] Poland,[53] Macedonia,[53] Japan,[54] Bosnia,[53] South Korea[53] and Georgia. The Iraqi and British governments are said to have negotiated a security agreement similar to Iraq and the United States. Status of the armed forces agreement. The pact, which could be informal, expected the role of British troops to be minimal by the end of 2009. With the British and American military, a small force of two or three other countries should remain. [53] On 1 July 2008, Zebari stated that he had informed members of the Iraqi Parliament that, in accordance with the negotiated terms of the long-term security pact, Us contractors no longer had immunity from Iraqi prosecution. U.S. State Department officials could not be immediately contacted to take a position, but Iraqi MP Mahmoud Othman said he attended the meeting and Iraqi officials were very pleased with the immunity agreement. [19] After the agreement was reached, more than 9,000 Iraqis gathered to protest in the eastern suburbs of Baghdad, Sadr City. Protesters burned an American flag and held banners saying, “No, no to the agreement.” [49] “We condemn and reject the agreement, just as we condemn any injustice,” Sheikh Hassan al-Husseini said immediately after the vote during weekly Friday prayers in Baghdad. [50] After the adoption of the agreement, Iraqi theologian, political leader and militiaman Muqtada al-Sadr called for three days of peaceful protests and mourning. [9] The great Ajatollah Ali Husseini al-Sistani expressed reservations about the ratified version of the pact and stated that the Iraqi government did not have the power to control the transfer of US forces to and from Iraq, no control of deliveries, and that the Covenant granted US troops immunity from prosecution in Iraqi courts.

He said that Iraqi rule in the country was not complete as long as American troops were present, but that the Iraqi people would eventually judge the pact by referendum. [12] Sistani considers the parts of the agreement a “mystery” and said that the pact offered “no guarantee” that Iraq would regain sovereignty. [13] The United States and Jordan are working together to achieve the common goal of a stable, secure and prosperous Middle East.